An introduction to the issue of the kashmir conflict india and pakistan

The Indian electorate now numbers more than million, making Indian elections the largest organised single political activity even in human history. Localized warfare continued during and ended, through the intercession of the United Nationsin a cease-fire that took effect in January The region, with a total area of some 85, square milessquare kmhas been the subject of dispute between India and Pakistan since the partition of the Indian subcontinent in There are several layers of this nexus which externally can be seen in the form of top players of the so-called "civil society".

The main part of the text forms a dialogue between Vashistha and Ramainterchanged with numerous short stories and anecdotes to illustrate the content. Huge number of Muslims have fled to West Pakistan, some of whom made their way to the western districts of Poonch and Mirpur, which were undergoing rebellion.

This was the signal for intervention both by Pakistan, which considered the state to be a natural extension of Pakistan, and by India, which intended to confirm the act of accession. Such was the intensity of the threat of revolt from within the army and its breaking up along class lines that it became an important factor in the decision to wage the war with India.

Essay on Kashmir Conflict between Pakistan and India

Modern technology is increasingly in demand at the government departments and organisations across the country, either due to the increasing pressure from the public or on the initiatives of bureaucrats and elected representatives.

But the military generals under Zia, in spite of the army being put on the ideological foundations of radical Islam with US patronage, were not content with the black capital coming from the drugs trade.

Now a debate on the need to repeal obsolete laws has been set in motion in India with the government appointing a committee to look into the matter.

In BOT projects, entrepreneurs will be permitted to collect and retain toll. One is the city and the other is the cantonment. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: In the summer of hostility in Kargil went far beyond the now familiar annual exhange of artillery fire.

In a resolution dated August 13,the UN asked Pakistan to remove its troops, after which India was also to withdraw the bulk of its forces. Although the army treaded to some extent into the economy and finance capital, this was quite limited.

Click to playTap to play The video will start in 8Cancel Play now Get daily updates directly to your inbox Subscribe Thank you for subscribingWe have more newsletters Show me See our privacy notice Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email With continued violence in Kashmir and a heightened terror threat by Pakistan-based militant groups, the threat of a clash between India and its neighbour Pakistan is high.

After the defeat of the Pakistan army in the war there was a big revolt against the red tape and the officer estate.

The agriculture and allied sectors have been erratic in growth rates and the period in question has not shown consistent growth or decline, in fact there have been sharp growth and decline in respective years.

When decisions are taken, the nation moves forward. The two sides agreed to hold a plebiscite in Kashmir. In the second part, "when the Commission shall have notified the Government of India" that Pakistani withdrawal has been completed, India was to withdraw the bulk of its forces.

India is the world's largest arms importer due to a stagnant defence-industrial base DIBwhich forces the armed forces to acquire 65 per cent of their requirements from abroad. The curbs on gold import helped to bring down the CAD but by laterthe Governor is under pressure to bring down interest rates to boost investment.

Hence there was also a material aspect to the loyalty during military service. Keeping in view the evil designs of India, Pakistan also deployed her forces in the border regions.

Despite much pressure from the military and the public, the government decided not to cross the LOC. National Highways Infrastructure The Indian road network covers over 33 lakh kms and is the second largest in the world. High and inclusive growth is entwined with good governance and the Modi government is making efforts to take to it to the next level.

Thus, the southern and eastern parts of the region were retained in the Indian Union and constituted as the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Initially Pakistan Desert Force and the Hur militia followers of Pir Pagaro was placed in a defensive role, a role for which they were well suited as it turned out. More than often historical events shake mass consciousness so suddenly, that they dramatically change the whole situation.

After its military pact with the United States in the s, it intensively studied guerrilla warfare through engagement with the US military. Fighting again flared up between the two in as part of the India-Pakistan war that resulted in the creation of Bangladesh.

The very next year saw the best year posting 9. The issue first arose in which ended with India regaining control over the disputed area. Smart politicians have realised the change mind set of the youth and the graffiti is on the wall.

Being "a high level interceptor designed to neutralise Soviet strategic bombers in altitudes above 40, feet," rather than engage in dogfights with agile fighters at low altitudes, it was "unsuited to the tactical environment of the region.


The Afghan rulers brutally repressed Kashmiris of all faiths according to Kashmiri historians. The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in China has at times played a minor role.

[2] India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of andas well as the Kargil War of Journal Issue 4; Tara Books, Culture, and Politics – A Conversation with V. Geetha: Caste and Gender – A Conversation with V.

Geetha: The Dravidian Movement – from the Justice Party, to Periyar and the Evolution of the DMK – A Conversation with V. Geetha: Media, the State, and Propaganda in the Digital Age – A Conversation with Sumanta Banerjee.

DISTINGUISHED LECTURE SERIES The China-Pakistan Study Centre (CPSC) at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad cordially invites you to a Public Talk on "Infrastructure Development of C.

Indian leaders' standard line is that Kashmir is "an integral part" of India. InIndia and Pakistan fought their second of three major wars since over Kashmir. The United States was largely to blame for setting the stage for war. The paper will however focus on issues related to the stalemate over Kashmir between India and Pakistan.

Before India and Pakistan were a part of a Union that was under the control of the British Raj. While leaving, the colonial powers separated the region on the basis of religion giving rise to two nations: India and Pakistan.

Kashmir, region of the northwestern Indian is bounded by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east (both parts of China), by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, by Pakistan to the west, and by Afghanistan to the northwest.

The region, with a total area of some 85, square miles (,

A brief history of the Kashmir conflict An introduction to the issue of the kashmir conflict india and pakistan
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What is the Kashmir conflict? Why India and Pakistan fight over it - Birmingham Live